School is important for cognitive, creative and social development of children. So are the School Sanitation and Hygiene Education, necessary for the safe, secure and healthy environment for children to learn better and face the challenges of future life. From 2003 we are engage in this activities but in reality after the assistance from Water For People, a Denver based NGO this programme has been encompass with a very much a part of School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE) programme of Government of India which actually integrates the broader sanitation program to ensure that all the schools especially rural schools have basic sanitation and drinking water facilities and good hygiene practices are taught to the children.
- Children will adopt improved hygiene practices to prevent water and sanitation related diseases
- Girl students will have a better environment to continue their education
- To provide additional support for up gradation and extension of the existing sanitary block of 43 targeted schools
- To develop a mechanism for long term sustainability of those school sanitary block S
- To enhance the water and sanitation related hygiene practices among the school children and individually communicating the knowledge and practice to the broader communities
- To make the school premises user friendly for children, especially adolescent girls, in terms of water and sanitation service facilities to prevent their dropping out.
With the primary cooperation of Water for People Denver, a USA based NGO; we have taken the initiatives to provide support for safe drinking water in 09 schools situated in remote areas of Khejuri and Nandigram. In these schools the sanitary blocks are upgraded and done child friendly. This is coupled with adequate provisions of urinal and lavatories, provision of ventilation and light, appropriate site selection as well as provision of water supply and hand washing facilities. In addition, emphasis was given on water leakage and sewage disposal, which itself may generate more problems of contamination of ground water or breeding of mosquitoes. On technological front, leach pit preferably two-pit system with moderated pan for schools are being preferred in comparison to septic tanks as it consumes less water for cleaning and maintaining purpose. Therefore ensures longevity of the system. In addition, there has been a provision of hand washing
Sarbodaya Sangha from its heart believes in community participation in all development programme and this has also been reflected in this programme. From planning to implementation the school children has been involved along with school managing committee and teachers. Health and hygiene activities to promote conditions at school and healthy practices of children are being taken care of. In all the schools following activities were done with utmost care:-
- Facilitate school management group along with the teachers to be active through periodical meeting and training.
- Consistent use of facilities for hand washing, drinking water and toilet use
- Repair and maintenance of these facilities by the School Management / Parent Teacher Groups
- Cleaning the facilities through roster of responsibilities for children (irrespective of caste and class)
- Close Monitoring
- Provide convenient hand-washing facilities with sufficient safe water.
- Provides sufficient safe drinking water.
- Provides pipe water facilities in the sanitary blocks
- Keeping the school compound and classroom clean and free of waste and any fecal matter.
- Clean and convenient use of facilities by all children and teachers.
- Consistent and organized cleaning and maintenance of toilets, hand-washing and drinking water facilities by all children
- Roles of older children to help and monitor younger children in using facilities and maintaining school cleanliness.
- Formation of student committee to take charge of operation and maintenance with the help of school teachers
- Monthly meeting with the respective teachers and meet head master once a quarter to discuss the progress
- Head of the institution and key teachers have been trained and oriented.
- Learning in the classroom that is relevant and strives to be child-centered.
- Our supervisors make and carry out plans for organizing children in use, monitoring and maintenance of facilities and in personal hygiene.
- Develop skills to disseminate health and hygiene information to the children’s home.
- At least 10000 students of 09 schools will practice safe hygiene behaviour (safe water handling, safe disposal of human waste, safe disposal of solid and liquid waste) related to water and sanitation.
- 50% students of 09 schools has increase their daily attendance, especially girl children
- At least 25000 people indirectly receive hygiene education through their children and will be made aware accordingly
- At least 75 teachers from 09 schools trained as a SSHE facilitator and act as a local resource person for continuation of programme in the other schools in near future.
Individual Health and hygiene is largely dependent on adequate availability of drinking water and proper sanitation. There is, therefore, a direct relationship between water, sanitation and health. Consumption of unsafe drinking water, improper disposal of human excreta, improper environmental sanitation and lack of personal and food hygiene have been major causes of many diseases in developing countries. The strategy is to make the Programme 'community led' and 'people centered'. A "demand driven approach" has been adopted with increased emphasis on awareness creation and demand generation for sanitary facilities in houses, schools and for cleaner environment. Subsidy for individual household latrine units has been replaced by incentive to the poorest of the poor households. Rural School Sanitation is a major component and an entry point for wider acceptance of sanitation by the rural people. Technology improvisations to meet the customer preferences and location specific intensive IEC Campaign involving Panchayati Raj Institutions, Co-operatives, Women Groups, Self Help Groups, NGOs etc. are also important components of the Strategy.
The main objectives of the TSC are as under:
- Bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas.
- Accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to access to toilets to all by 2015.
- Motivate communities and Panchayeti Raj Institutions promoting sustainable sanitation facilities through awareness creation and health education.
- Encourage cost effective and appropriate technologies for ecologically safe and sustainable sanitation.
- Develop community managed environmental sanitation systems on solid & liquid waste
Implementation methodologA local educated woman, known as community hygiene promoter (CHP) had been trained and given the responsibility for house-to-house (150-175 families) hygiene education through discussion and using Flipcharts. On an average they visited 10 families for this purpose. The issues covered were:-
- Hand washing along with other personal hygiene
- Safe water handling
- Safe disposal of human waste
- Disposal of solid and liquid waste
- Food hygiene
- At least 5500 families are using sanitary latrines for safe disposal of human waste
- 50% of the targeted families are selecting their own models according to their capacity and accessibility
- 30% Families who are unable to construct in its own are paying the cost on installation basis
- 55% of the revolving fund are using for more construction of latrines for the poorest people
GoalTo create a platform on social solidarity and financial service delivery to empowered the women.
- To organize women of this area and increase their access to government schemes, and other rights related with their well being.
- To sensitize men and women on various issues related with women equality.
- To incorporate habit of savings in women to make them economically independent.
- To build capacities of women groups (SHGs) about record keeping, banking process and to raise their social issues through these groups.
- To make women legally aware by training them on specific law articles such as Marriage Act, Child Marriage Act, Right to Information Act
The strategy for sustainable results is the organization of women into the SHGs - 10-20 members per group. As per organizational design, SHGs are organized at the village level through Participatory Rural Appraisal methodology for identifications. In these SHGs, women discuss about the problems they cope with, and try to find themselves as solution. It is also an easy way for the SS workers to organize meeting and therefore to communicate with the local population.
The women in the SHGs have been initialized to the micro-credit. Every month, women have to meet and to save little money (minimum: Rs. 10). Because the SS workers have helped the SHGs to open a bank account, saving in a safe place is possible. Therefore, an internal circulation of funds in each SHG is done. The banks have their own criteria for sanction of CC limit to the groups, which include current level of savings, regularity in the meetings, capability of the SHGs to maintain proper books of accounts and repayment performance of the group on internal as well as past loans. Loan disbursal decision rests with the group members jointly. Repayment schedule is flexible and decided by the group at the time of disbursement. Interest is charged at a rate of 15% per month on a reducing balance. The loan amount ranges from Rs. 1,000 to Rs. 10,000 and in some exceptional cases, it is up to Rs. 15,000.
This project is closely interconnected with the other organizational developmental programs, and is monitored by the Field Supervisors. The following elements are assessed:
- Scalability and expansion
- Creating livelihood opportunities through livestock, agriculture, fishery and home industries
- Risk management
- Sustainability and revenue model
- Understand coverage and growth
- Collaborations-leverage and Flexibility
- Cost of the subsidy
Out of these, 50 groups have been formed under the women empowerment programme,
- Meeting with VC and Group leaders to discuss on social problems
- Orientation training on disaster management, running of relief camps, streamlining logistic supports
- Workshop on decentralize planning for effective use of Gram Sabha and Gram Sansad for decentralize planning
- Meeting with PRI members at Block and district level to ensure peoples participation at all level of development
- Responsive local self-governance in rural and urban areas
- Women’s empowerment
- Social cohesion focusing on efforts at raising awareness on entitlements, changes in institutions, discrimination and manage conflicts of interest towards accelerated poverty reduction.
- Policy advocacy (tribal rights, violence, environmental degradation )
- Self-help to meet the immediate basic needs of the poor
- Availability of information at PRI and its increased use.
- Improved relationship with Administration for SGSY, RCH, WASH, Rogi Kalyan samiti and village development committee.
- Three members from self help groups have filed their nominations for Panchayet elections
- As a result of regular visit made by members of SHG, Five VDCs and ICDS centers became regular.
- 3000 women have been linked to women empowerment programme through micro-credit and self reliance
GoalTo reduce the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) among the rural community of 03 villages within the Khejuri 1 Block.
- Common ailments to be identified and provide appropriate diagnosis at low cost
- All families living in these villages will be benefited from the primary health care support services
- Increase awareness on general health and health seeking behaviour at least among the adult females
The rural health centre provides holistic health care support services. Apart from our regular awareness programs and health check-ups, curative health services through linkages with sub-centers and block hospitals are provided to the rural community, especially, for the poorest of the poor families. The OPD runs at SARBODAY campus ( frequency of camp) from 11 am to 5 pm. Services available at the OPD are general treatment and medicine at subsidized rate.
The health services in the last two years have been consolidated through both preventive and service deliveries. Ante Natal Carel (ANC) and Post Natal Care (PNC) check-ups of pregnant women and the immunization of the children up to 18 months have been ensured through a follow-up directly in the households. With a strong awareness program, the health services are now more accepted and accessible among the poor rural community.
Health Workers have done the following activities:
Health Workers have done the following activities:
- Camps about Basic Health & Hygiene, Mother and Child Health, Adolescent Health
- Identification of the pregnant mothers at the first trimester and registration in the local government sub-centre.
- Minimum health services to the pregnant mother (e.g.: ensuring maximum institutional deliveries with the participation of a skilled staff for delivery).
- Reference of all critical cases to the Block Primary Health Center (BPHC) for secondary check-up and treatment by a qualified doctor
- Mobilization of the community to access the curative health services from government health centers.
- Establish linkages with Govt. health workers – Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM), Auxiliary Welfare Worker (AWW ) to maximize accessibility of Govt. health services to the community.
Every month, the Health Project members have attended the Panchayat Raj Institution (PRI) meetings to ensure Panchayat involvement in the health program. Besides, some PRI members from 6 GPs have met during the health trainings which has been designed according to the government training module. These training sessions are based on a participatory approach. Therefore the participants can find it easier to understand and better outputs of the meetings can be observed. Printed materials have been distributed and audio-visual documents have been showed to the attendees which made the program more effective.
This year, a special initiative has been taken by the health team which conducted training program for SHG members to cater health related information. Many SHG members admitted that they were not aware about the optimum ANC and PNC as well as the importance of child care up to two. The main health issue which has been discussed is the mitigation of the ANC, INC, PNC. Then, discussions about the roles and responsibilities of SHG members and the experiences women have faced have been hold.
- Special health care for the 550 children of the working area.
- Medicine supply, blood test, urine tests performed for 500 families which covers about 852
- Out of these 200 children had been reached in the age group of 0-2 years
- Family planning Targeted for 852(Golabari -240, Ajaya -612) families
- 138 ANC and 135 PNC have been covered
- 138 children have been delivered
- 12 children born at home in the presence of TBAs
- 2 children died at the time of birth
- Number of EC potential identified 2367